Resuscitation Annie: THE GIRL FROM THE RIVER SEINE
As CPR training started to reach the emergency response community in the early 70’s, the words“Annie..Annie..Are You OK?” started almost every CPR training session as new EMT’s, nurses, firefighters and police officers learned the first step –ESTABLISH UNRESPONSIVENESS.
Asmund Laerdal was a successful toy maker who turned to making soft plastic, realistic dollls in the 50’s. Laerdal also was manufacturing imitation wounds for Red Cross first aid training in Norway and Sweden, when he learned of the new CPR resuscitation technique, and envisioned life sized mannequins as the ideal training tool.
The first Resusci Anne was developed by Asmund Laerdal and Anaesthesiologist Bjorn Lind, making its debut in September 1960 in Stavanger Norway. Anne was introduced to the First International Symposium on Resuscitation in Stavanger, attended by US pioneers Drs. Peter Safar, James Elam, Archer Gordon, Henning Ruben and Rudolf Frey. Drs. Safar and Elam continued with Laerdal, refining Anne.
Many of that generation continue as todays CPR instructors , but have long ago learned to alter the opening salvo to simply “Are You OK?”, as the call for Annie ocassionally was carried out into the streets with real patients. But Annes legacy continues, as she and her family make the past 50 years of CPR training possible.